251,287 cables indexed
Reference ID: 09STATE37561
Subject: (S) REPORTING AND COLLECTION NEEDS: AFRICAN GREAT LAKES (DROC, BURUNDI, RWANDA)
Origin: Secretary of State, USA Classification: SECRET//NOFORN
Created:16 Apr 2009 Released:30 Nov 2010
Tags: BY, CF, ECON, KDEM, KHIV, KSPR, PINR, RW, XA, ZF

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S E C R E T STATE 037561


NOFORN

E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/16/2034
TAGS: PINR, KSPR, ECON, KDEM, KHIV, ZF, XA, CF, RW, BY
SUBJECT: (S) REPORTING AND COLLECTION NEEDS: AFRICAN GREAT
LAKES (DROC, BURUNDI, RWANDA)

REF: A. 08 KIGALI 00830--05/DEC/2008
B. 08 STATE 122706--19/NOV/2008
C. 04 STATE 101403--06/MAY/2004

Classified By: SUZANNE MCCORMICK, DIRECTOR, INR/OPS, REASON: 1.4(C).

1. (S/NF) This cable provides the full text of the new
National HUMINT Collection Directive (NHCD) on African Great
Lakes (paragraph 3-end) as well as a request for continued
DOS reporting of biographic information relating to DROC,
Burundi, and Rwanda (paragraph 2).

A. (S/NF) The NHCD below supersedes the NHCD contained in Ref
C and reflects the results of a recent Washington review of
reporting and collection needs announced in Ref B focused on
African Great Lakes. The review produced a comprehensive
list of strategic priorities (paragraph 3) and reporting and
collection needs (paragraph 4) intended to guide
participating USG agencies as they allocate resources and
update plans to collect information on African Great Lakes.
We thank Kigali for its Ref A input. The priorities should
also serve as a useful tool to help the Embassy manage
reporting and collection, including formulation of Mission
Strategic Plans (MSPs).

B. (S/NF) This NHCD is compliant with the National
Intelligence Priorities Framework (NIPF), which was
established in response to NSPD-26 of February 24, 2003. If
needed, GRPO can provide further background on the NIPF and
the use of NIPF abbreviations (shown in parentheses following
each sub-issue below) in NHCDs.

C. (S/NF) Important information often is available to
non-State members of the Country Team whose agencies
participated in the review of this National HUMINT Collection
Directive. COMs, DCMs, and State reporting officers can
assist by coordinating with other Country Team members to
encourage relevant reporting through their own or State
Department channels. We appreciate Ref A response from
Kigali.

2. (S/NF) State biographic reporting:

A. (S/NF) The intelligence community relies on State
reporting officers for much of the biographical information
collected worldwide. Informal biographic reporting via email
and other means is vital to the community's collection
efforts and can be sent to the INR/B (Biographic) office for
dissemination to the IC.

B. (S/NF) Reporting officers should include as much of the
following information as possible when they have information
relating to persons linked to African Great Lakes: office and
organizational titles; names, position titles and other
information on business cards; numbers of telephones, cell
phones, pagers and faxes; compendia of contact information,
such as telephone directories (in compact disc or electronic
format if available) and e-mail listings; internet and
intranet "handles", internet e-mail addresses, web site
identification-URLs; credit card account numbers; frequent
flyer account numbers; work schedules, and other relevant
biographical information.

3. (S/NF) Priority issues and issues outline:

I. Regional Issues

A. Democratization and Political Stability
1) Leadership Dynamics (DEPS)
2) Rebel and Militia Groups (SRCC)
3) Democracy and Governance (DEPS)
4) Political Opposition (DEPS)
B. Military and Security
1) Military Developments (FMCC)
2) Weapons Procurement (FMCC)
3) Police and Paramilitary Forces (CINT)
4) GRPO can provide text of this issue.
5) Support to US Military Contingency Planning
(HREL)
6) Terrorism (TERR)
C. Societal Challenges
1) Refugees (DEMG)
2) Human Rights and War Crimes (HRWC)
3) Infectious Disease and Health (HLTH)
4) Food Security and Agriculture (FOOD)
5) Economic Stability (ECFS)
D. External Relations
1) Regional Relations (SRCC)
2) International Relations (FPOL)
E. Overarching Issues
1) Media Structure and Availability (INFR)
2) Information Systems and Telecommunications
Infrastructure (INFR)

II. Country-Specific Issues

A. Mineral Resources (ENVR)
B. Genocidal Legacy Issues (HRWC)

4. (S/NF) Reporting and collection needs:

I. Regional Issues

A. Democratization and Political Stability

1) Leadership Dynamics (DEPS)

-- Leadership dynamics and decision-making processes of key
civilian and military officials; influence of corruption and
patronage in decision-making.
-- Status of relations among top leaders of African Great
Lakes countries, especially Kigali and Kinshasa, and Kampala
and Kinshasa.
-- Plans and intentions regarding political succession,
including post-election transitions; indications of coup
plotting.
-- Leader influence on popular opinion and popular sentiments.
-- Influence on government leadership of religious
organizations, interest groups, ethnic groups, and military.
-- The role of military, intelligence, and security services
in national policy decision-making and their control of
government institutions and parastatals.
-- Leadership policies and actions that cause or respond to
political instability or economic deterioration.
-- Leadership financial resources and personal relationships.
-- Government and public views about and evidence of impact
of corruption and crime on internal stability and development.
-- Information on political stability, sources of
instability, and nature of challenges to effective governance.
-- Government plans and efforts to respond to threats to
political stability; strategies for addressing underlying
discontent.
-- Changes inside key ministries and security forces,
including personal dynamics, tribal politics and factions.
-- Details on identities, motives, influence, and relations
among principal advisors.
-- Biographic and biometric data, including health, opinions
toward the US, training history, ethnicity (tribal and/or
clan), and language skills of key and emerging political,
military, intelligence, opposition, ethnic, religious, and
business leaders. Data should include email addresses,
telephone and fax numbers, fingerprints, facial images, DNA,
and iris scans.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 4; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H

2) Rebel and Militia Groups (SRCC)

-- Efforts by rebel or militia groups or non-state
actors--especially entities such as the FDLR that contain
Rwandans who participated in the 1994 genocide--to obtain
control of or greater participation in national or local
government; to obtain control of natural or financial
resources; to integrate into the Congolese armed forces
(FARDC) or to cooperate with the FARDC in the exploitation of
economic resources.
-- Extent of political influence of rebel or militia groups.
-- Attitudes toward implementation of regional peace accords.
-- Organization, leadership, order of battle, training,
strategies and tactics of armed groups and factions,
including those integrated into government.
-- Efforts by rebel or militia groups to recruit government
forces or demobilized troops/fighters.
-- Indications of shifting alliances and factions.
-- Indications of political and social infrastructure
development by rebel and militia groups, including
fundraising, recruitments, weapons and repair parts
procurement, and propaganda.
-- Public sympathy or antipathy toward rebel and militia
groups.
-- Evidence of influence or pressure on, or support for,
rebel or militia groups from foreign governments, non-state
actors, and Congolese diaspora.
-- Infiltration and resupply routes used by rebel and militia
groups.
-- Evidence that drug trafficking, evasion of the Kimberly
Process, or other criminal activities, including cyber crime,
are used to finance the activities of rebel and militia
groups.
-- Evidence and impact of the presence of troops from
neighboring countries and their proxy forces in Congo,
particularly the Rwanda Defense Forces (RDF).

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI- PRIORITY 5; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 4; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5
REGIONAL REBEL GROUPS AND NON-STATE ACTORS
WHO CARRY OUT ATROCITIES AND TERRORIST ACTIVITIES: ALLIED
DEMOCRATIC FORCES (ADF), DEMOCRATIC FORCES FOR THE LIBERATION
OF RWANDA (FDLR), LORD,S RESISTANCE ARMY (LRA)-PRIORITY- 4

3) Democracy and Governance (DEPS)

-- Leadership views, intentions, and actions on democratic
reforms, to include free press, treatment of opposition
political or ethnic groups, respect for human rights, respect
for rule of law and independent judiciary, and fair elections.
-- Extent/effectiveness of government control over national
territory and over cross-border flows of people and goods.
-- Progress of or obstacles to disarmament, demobilization,
repatriation, and reintegration (DDRR) of ex-combatants into
a civilian society.
-- Structure, interaction, and role of administrative,
judicial, and legislative organs, including indications that
they are overshadowed by personal politics.
-- Information on effectiveness or abuse of the electoral
system or judiciary, including government procedures to
maintain the integrity and secrecy of the ballot during each
phase of balloting and vote reconciliation.
-- Details on all aspects of the electoral process, to
include election laws, electoral procedures, election
monitoring, balloting, and election equipment.
-- Details on corruption in government institutions and
efforts to reduce it.
-- Signs of ethnic, religious, or generational polarization
and role of ethnic, regional or class distinctions in access
to decision-making and natural or financial resources.
-- Information on government improvements in infrastructure,
including in remote regions.
-- Ability and efforts to adhere to/evade the Kimberly
Process, and to combat illicit finance.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5; CONGO, DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 4; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H

4) Political Opposition (DEPS)

-- Activities, plans, and intentions of political opposition
parties and individuals; sources of funding and support.
-- Government attempts to stifle political opposition.
-- Alliances or factions, and evidence of links to foreign
governments or armed groups.
-- Political opposition party leadership, organization,
agendas, membership, and level of influence on civil society
and military; leadership biographic data.
-- Opposition party regional and ethnic support areas, family
and financial networks, key patrons and clients, and internal
alliances and rivalries
-- Opinions of ethnic, religious, and other groups on the
government and political opposition.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 4; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H

B. Military and Security

1) Military Developments (FMCC)

-- Military capabilities, intentions, and actions in support
of or against existing political leadership or government
activities.
-- Progress of or obstacles to the integration of former
government, rebel, and militia fighters into a new armed
force; loyalty of units integrated from former armed
opponents.
-- Impact of ethnic, political, regional, or tribal divisions
within the military and other security forces on morale,
readiness, placement of leaders, and support for the
government.
-- Indications of military involvement in human rights
abuses, recruiting of children, criminal or corrupt activity,
or anti-government insurgency.
-- Loyalties, cohesion, discord, rivalries, competing agendas
or ambitions, and signs of dissension within military
leadership, officer corps, and ranks; evidence of
corruption/criminal activity in the military or security
forces and effects on preparedness.
-- Extent and effects of ethnic and political divisions
within the military and between the military and political
leadership.
-- Attitudes toward AFRICOM; willingness to cooperate with
AFRICOM.
-- Ability and willingness to cooperate with forces from
neighboring countries and deployed peacekeeping forces to
manage threats.
-- Personnel strength levels, force structure, doctrine,
modernization plans, training, discipline, professionalism,
morale, order of battle, logistics, combat effectiveness, and
capabilities of military services.
-- Details on military facilities, such as airfields and army
camps, and on military equipment, including numbers,
operational status, and procurement/refurbishment activity.
-- Details about military relations with other countries,
especially China, Libya, Sudan, North Korea, Iran, Russia,
Ukraine, Belarus and other former Soviet bloc countries.
-- Details about foreign military assistance and training.
-- Attitudes toward and impact of US military training.
-- Details on defense budget by function and service.
-- Development and implementation of mechanisms for civil
control of the military.
-- Public attitudes towards the military and other security
forces.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5H; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H

2) Weapons Procurement (FMCC)

-- Details of arms acquisitions and arms sales by government
or insurgents, including negotiations, contracts, deliveries,
terms of sale, quantity and quality of equipment, and price
and payment terms.
-- Transfer of strategic materials such as uranium.
-- Information on insurgent groups' weapons and material
entry and transshipment points, routes, and destinations.
-- Indications of smuggling and weapons and weapons repair
parts trafficking.
-- Factory markings and paint/color schemes on all
arms/weapon systems and their munitions acquired or produced
locally.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5H; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H

3) Police and Paramilitary Forces (CINT)

-- Non-military security force loyalties, leadership,
capabilities, organization, size, locations, and ethnic
composition.
-- Roles and missions of various units.
-- Evidence of splits within police and paramilitary forces.
-- Evidence of contact and cooperation with rebel groups.
-- Ability to maintain local security without intervention or
assistance of military forces.
-- Reports of misconduct, human rights violations, or
involvement in illegal/illicit activities, or the misuse of
foreign training funds or equipment.
-- Evidence of conflict between security forces and the
military.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5H; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H

4) GRPO can provide text of this issue and
related requirements.

5) Support to US Military Contingency Planning
(HREL)

-- Details on developments that could prompt US contingency
planning for non-combatant evacuation operations (NEO) or
humanitarian assistance.
-- Host nation support for evacuation or humanitarian
assistance by US forces (AFRICOM), including host nation
ability and willingness to protect US citizens and/or
facilities.
-- Government plans and capabilities to cope with
emergencies, including civilian and military response, or to
request or accept assistance from the US, UN, or others.
-- Government or other organizations' plans to work with UN
and international donor and NGO groups in relief and
reconstruction efforts, resettlement programs, and
development assistance.
-- Details on obstacles to aid distribution and
implementation of humanitarian aid programs.
-- Details of emergency infrastructure, including locations,
descriptions, and capabilities of military, police, and fire
response resources.
-- Location and description of third-country diplomatic and
aid/NGO facilities, and of leaders' residences and alternate
locations.
-- Information on the character and severity of existing or
potential future humanitarian crises resulting from natural
disasters or from internal or regional violence.
-- Description and locations of potential evacuation sites,
hospitals, hotels, government installations, religious sites
and shrines, civilian institutions including schools and
stadiums, diplomatic facilities, educational and medical
facilities, and culturally significant sites.
-- Evacuation routes, including chokepoints and potential
impediments.
-- Volcanic activity on the Congo (Kinshasa)/Rwanda border.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 4; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H

6) Terrorism (TERR)

-- Individuals and organizations supporting international
terrorism, including legitimate businesses and financial
transactions, money laundering, drug trafficking, logistical
support, cyber crime, and document forgeries.
-- Extent to which ethnic, tribal, religious and regional
fragmentation could serve to attract international terrorist
groups.
-- Evidence of transit and safe haven by transnational and
regional terrorist groups.
-- Vulnerability of populace to Islamic extremism.
-- Evidence of domestic terrorist groups.
-- Indications of funding from Gulf-based financiers or NGOs.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5H; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H
INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST GROUPS: HIZBALLAH
(LEBANESE)-PRIORITY 1
REGIONAL REBEL GROUPS AND NON-STATE ACTORS
WHO CARRY OUT ATROCITIES AND TERRORIST ACTIVITIES: ALLIED
DEMOCRATIC FORCES (ADF), DEMOCRATIC FORCES FOR THE LIBERATION
OF RWANDA (FDLR), LORD,S RESISTANCE ARMY (LRA)-PRIORITY- 4

C. Societal Challenges

1) Refugees (DEMG)

-- Government plans, policies, and efforts regarding refugees
and internally displaced persons (IDPs).
-- Government capability and willingness to absorb, register,
assist, and protect refugees and IDPs.
-- Government capability and willingness to protect and
assist NGO and aid agency personnel.
-- Plans and intentions of rebel forces to cooperate, hinder,
or manipulate aid for refugees and IDPs.
-- Indications of rebel or militia forces infiltrating
refugee camps or groups, or using such camps/groups to mask
their activities.
-- Public attitudes for or against repatriation of IDPs or
refugees.
-- Information on neighboring country efforts regarding
refugees and IDPs.
-- Number, location, and size of refugee and IDP areas (to
include hospitals, churches, and other de facto IDP areas as
well as traditional camps); transit routes used by refugees
and IDPs.
-- Numbers, age, gender, ethnicity, general health and
security conditions, nature and extent of critical needs of
refugees and IDPs.
-- Factors driving refugee movements; links between refugee
movements and political and economic stability.
-- Indications that the inability of returning refugees to
reclaim their land is contributing to instability.
-- Details of cross-border criminal activity, including
travel routes and nodes, transshipment sites, communications,
and financial facilitators, especially for human smuggling
and trafficking.
-- Attitudes toward women; women,s legal rights, especially
rights to education, work, land ownership, and inheritance.
-- Process and effects of migration and demographic shifts
within and among regional nations, including movement from
rural to urban areas and youth bulge.
-- Details about geographic distribution of population and
internal migration.
-- Information on population density, population growth, age
breakdowns, economic and housing characteristics, ethnic and
religious affiliations, occupations, literacy, educational
attainment, access to electricity, water, and sanitation.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 3; RWANDA- PRIORITY 3

2) Human Rights and War Crimes (HRWC)

-- Plans, intentions, and actions of rebel and militia
groups, federal and state government officials, military,
intelligence and other security services, to commit human
rights violations, including mass killings, extra judicial
killing, forced disappearance, torture, sexually based
violence, arbitrary arrest, police brutality, and persecution
of minorities and ethnic factions.
-- Indications that policies targeting civilians could be
perceived as strategically advantageous to a government,
rebel, or militia group.
-- Indications of leaders, failure to instill discipline
within armies, rebel groups, or militias that could lead to
human rights violations and abuses.
-- Ethnic/regional tensions that might fuel genocidal
activity, including scapegoating or calls for violence
against noncombatants of a particular ethnic, regional, or
political group by government, rebel, or militia groups.
-- Indications of mobilization or force posturing directed
against civilians.
-- Threats against or denial of access to media, foreigners,
or NGOs to areas of concern.
-- Support for or response to activities of international
criminal tribunals, including the International Criminal
Court.
-- Ability and willingness of all levels of government to
promote human rights.
-- Details on government policies, procedures, and efforts
regarding prevention of human rights abuses, including
efforts to marginalize specific groups of people.
-- Efforts of the police and military to uphold or violate
human rights.
-- Government intentions to follow through on investigations
and prosecution of human rights abuses.
-- Indications that ambiguity between civilians and
combatants could lead to violence against civilians.
-- Plans and activities of the government to use food, or
other government-controlled commodities, as a political tool.
-- Evidence of attacks or planned attacks on peacekeepers and
humanitarian aid workers; limitations on the activities of
NGOs.
-- Evidence that humanitarian aid agencies are preparing for
an increase in the number of civilian casualties or refugees.
-- Evidence that truth and reconciliation activities or war
crimes trials are increasing or decreasing tension or
fostering or alleviating instability.
-- Landmine or explosive remnant of war (ERW) casualties and
evidence of mine stockpiling; government intentions to clear
landmine/ERW areas.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI- PRIORITY 4; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 3; RWANDA- PRIORITY 4

3) Infectious Disease and Health (HLTH)

-- Government plans, policies, and capabilities to prevent,
control, and treat existing and emerging disease outbreaks,
particularly HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, polio, and
avian influenza.
-- Details of infectious diseases and general health
conditions including number of cases, percentage, fatalities,
dates, and areas of occurrence. Also if possible, provide
historical data in order to compare recent data collection.
-- HIV statistics, including percentage of military, police
force, and orphans that are HIV positive.
--Information concerning the influence of traditional healers
on infectious diseases as well as endemic health issues.
-- Details on drug resistant strains, including malaria,
HIV/AIDS, avian influenza, and tuberculosis.
--Information concerning maternal and child health, in terms
of access to prenatal care, statistics on the types of
pregnancy-related poor outcomes related to infant and/or
maternal morbidity/mortality, and access to well-baby clinics.
-- Access to care information, including regions and
populations with access to advanced levels of care and those
without basic prevention and treatment needs.
-- Information on medical professionals, including number of
personnel by type (nurse, physician, midwife, etc.), medical
specialty, and location (urban or rural).
-- Education and training requirements for medical
professionals; locations of institutions where training is
available.
-- Information on medical facilities/hospitals, including
capabilities, personnel, training, equipment, etc. Disaster
response capability/plan.
-- Details about contaminated food, water, air, and soil and
the effect on health. Toxic industrial chemical
contamination, including types of industrial facilities,
chemicals on site, and products being generated.
-- Details on water, food, and vector-borne diseases,
including location, prevalence, and virulence.
-- Government efforts to protect the population from zoonotic
(animal to human transmission capable) diseases; details on
the stockpile and storage of vaccines.
-- Information on drug addiction treatment facilities.
-- Information on mental health issues, including the
government,s willingness to report, the types and severity
of mental health problems, and access to care.
-- Chronic disease information, including types and access to
treatment, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 4; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H

4) Food Security and Agriculture (FOOD)

-- Government policies, plans, intentions, and actions
regarding food security and food safety, and willingness to
cooperate with UN and other donor agencies.
-- Nutritional status of population, including refugees.
-- Indications that rising food prices are adversely
affecting nutritional status and/or contributing to
instability; use of subsidies or export/import bans.
-- Yields and prospects for cash and subsistence crops;
changes in agricultural practices, such as cropping patterns
and crop selection; use/availability of seeds and fertilizers.
-- Government acceptance of genetically modified food and
propagation of genetically modified crops.
-- Status of structural adjustments and infrastructure
improvements to increase agricultural producer income and
reduce migration to urban areas.
-- Information on surface and groundwater resources, to
include sources, treatment, distribution and storage.
-- Indications that deforestation, desertification, erosion
and degradation of soils are affecting agricultural output.
-- Food contamination affecting population health.
-- Indications of invasive species, especially those
affecting food security or development.
-- Indications of water table degradation, decreases in lake
levels below historic norms, or evidence of territorial
disputes associated with declining water resources or quality.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI- PRIORITY 5; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H

5) Economic Stability (ECFS)

-- Overall economic status, including government plans and
will to implement free-market reform, to ensure consistent
regulations, and to uphold the rule of law on economic issues.
-- Government plans and intentions to address economic
effects of war and conflict, such as shortages of fuel,
electric power, and food; unemployment; and wage arrears,
particularly the inability to pay troops.
-- Fiscal policies and investment strategies, financial and
commercial links within and outside the region, status of
foreign currency reserves, and positions on bilateral and
multilateral economic issues and negotiations.
-- Details of Chinese trade, aid, and investment activities.
-- Public and expert perceptions of the effect on economic
performance of corruption among government and business
elites and of the competence of economic administrators.
-- Policies and actions to attract foreign investment; plans
and intentions of foreign nationals or companies to invest or
start up new business ventures.
-- Government strategy and objectives for engagement with
international financial institutions--World Bank, IMF,
African Development Bank--for loans, grants, debt management,
and restructuring.
-- Details on economic assistance needs and requests,
including donors, projects, and effectiveness of current or
proposed aid.
-- Status of raw materials industries, including plans to
develop/exploit resource deposits.
-- Government plans and objectives regarding land
reallocation; effects of land reallocation on indigenous
population, commercial farmers, militant interest groups, and
its impact on foreign investment.
-- Indications of ethnic/regional tensions over resources,
such as land and water.
-- Details on and public perception of economic growth,
including youth employment prospects.
-- Statistics on economic indicators, including remittances.
-- Details, capabilities, and potentially required repairs
and upgrades of infrastructure and lines of communication,
such as airfields, landing zones, river ports, rail lines,
roads, bridges, medical facilities, and electric power,
petroleum, and water facilities.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5H; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H

D. External Relations

1) Regional Relations (SRCC)

-- Policy toward and relations with regional states,
particularly with regard to ongoing conflicts, support for
foreign dissidents, border incursions, peace negotiations,
refugee assistance and repatriation, trade, aid, and security
agreements.
-- Government views and perceptions about activities and
intentions of regional organizations, such as the African
Union (AU), the East African Community (EAC), and other
regional organizations.
-- Activities of mercenaries or private security firms in
assisting military forces or insurgencies; mercenary or
private security firm involvement in trafficking activities.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 4; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5

2) International Relations (FPOL)

-- Government leader views and policies toward the US,
AFRICOM, and international organizations; plans and
intentions to support or oppose US positions in international
fora.
-- Public and private attitudes toward the US, AFRICOM, and
US policies.
-- Foreign alliances and activities, especially those
involving China and Iran.
-- Agreements and concessions negotiated with foreign states
and non-state actors for military, paramilitary, or economic
assistance.
-- Government views and perceptions about activities and
intentions of non-regional nations and organizations,
particularly China, Iran, France, UN, and the European Union
(EU).
-- Perceptions by the civilian population towards the UN,
particularly improvements or failures of UN efforts to
address human rights abuses by peacekeeping forces.
-- Plans and efforts of countries or organizations to
arbitrate or influence conflict resolution.
-- Efforts to enforce or circumvent sanctions against Iran,
North Korea, and terrorist groups.
-- Political will and intentions of governments to
participate in or support peacekeeping operations sponsored
by regional organizations, such as ECOWAS, or by the UN, US,
France, or other.
-- Willingness to contribute forces to African Union (AU)
Standby Brigade Forces (e.g. EASBRIG) and/or the will to
provide meaningful participation in CEEAC - Economic
Community of Central African States)
-- Government plans, intentions, and capabilities to provide,
train, equip, transport, maintain, supply, and fund
international peacekeeping forces, including providing
command, control, communications, and intelligence.
-- Military willingness and capability to train with other
nations in programs such as the US Africa Contingency
Operations Training and Assistance (ACOTA) and Joint Combined
Exercise for Training (JCET) programs, and to participate in
peacekeeping operations.
-- Local population relationship with foreign peacekeeping
forces.
-- Capabilities, attitudes, and behavior of peacekeepers from
or stationed in regional nations, including understanding of
and adherence to human rights standards.
-- Government cooperation regarding rescue/recovery of
US/allied POW/MIAs and detained/kidnapped US/allied citizens.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5H; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H

E. Overarching Issues

1) Media Structure and Availability (INFR)

-- Government, public, and private perceptions of status of
press freedom.
-- Evidence of media control or manipulation, in particular
to incite unrest, by government, opposition groups, non-state
actors, and other groups.
-- Details on print and broadcast media, including name,
content, ownership, target audience, staff, broadcast
frequency and power.
-- Internet availability and use.
-- Extent of, access to, and identity of, foreign television
and radio broadcasts, and news publications.
-- Changes to the UN commitment to provide media services in
the eastern Congolese provinces.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H

2) Information Systems and Telecommunications
Infrastructure (INFR)

-- Current specifications, vulnerabilities, capabilities, and
planned upgrades to, national telecommunications
infrastructure and information systems, command and control
systems, networks, and technologies used by government,
military, and private sector.
-- Details about foreign assistance (especially Chinese) for
improvements to the national telecommunications grid.
-- National leadership use of, and dependencies on, dedicated
telecommunications infrastructures and information systems.
-- Details about national and regional telecommunications
policies, programs, regulations, service providers, vendors,
and training.
-- Details about internet and intranet use, infrastructure,
and government oversight.
-- Plans and efforts to acquire U.S. export-controlled
telecommunications technology.
-- Details about information repositories for Radio Frequency
Identification-enabled systems used for passports, government
badges, and transportation systems.
-- Official and personal phone numbers, fax numbers, and
e-mail addresses of principal civilian and military leaders.

COUNTRIES: BURUNDI-PRIORITY 5H; CONGO,
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC- PRIORITY 5H; RWANDA- PRIORITY 5H

II. Country Specific Issues

A. Mineral Resources (ENVR)

-- Details on mining of diamonds, copper, cobalt, uranium,
other minerals, and oil extraction: number and location of
mines, production statistics and revenue generated, and
extent of control given to China and other foreign
governments, companies or consortiums; export statistics.
-- Details on mineral, oil and other resource exploitation by
rebel groups and foreign elements to include type and
location of resources exploited, and revenue generated
through sales, customs duties, taxation, and access control.
-- Government ability/willingness to deal with environmental
abuses.

COUNTRIES: CONGO, DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC-PRIORITY 5H

B. Genocidal Legacy Issues (HRWC)

-- Government attitudes and intentions toward Tutsi
survivors, Tutsis operating outside the power elite, Hutus,
returning Hutu fighters/refugees, and Twa.
-- Indications of increased ethnic tensions that could spark
renewed violence.
-- Government plans and intentions to counter ethnic violence
or genocide; identification of government officials
encouraging violence.
-- Information on policies concerning human rights,
democratization, political inclusion, reconciliation, land
ownership and tenancy, and political prisoners.
-- Public attitudes toward traditional judicial courts
(gacaca) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.
-- Information on participation in human rights abuses,
including extra judicial killings by Rwanda Defense Forces
(RDF); paramilitary, including local defense forces; police,
security forces; or Tutsi civilians against Hutus.
-- Divisions within President Kagame's inner circle and his
party, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF).
-- Public attitudes toward the FDLR and subgroups; links
between those groups and supporters outside the Great Lakes
Region.
-- Information about identification, location and arrest of
such leaders.

COUNTRIES: RWANDA- PRIORITY 4


CLINTON